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Rajasthan Travel Guide

Travel to Rajasthan




Jaipur is very famous destination among tourist visiting Rajasthan. Check out more on Jaipur Travel & Tourism.

Jaipur



Hawa Mahal in JaipurJaipur, the capital of Rajasthan casts an unusual spell on the traveller right from the moment one arrives. Attractive monuments and landmarks where one can breathe the fragrance of history is a feast in store for tourists.

Jaipur today is a mega city, an extraordinary colorful place retaining its medieval charm. Providing backdrops are the forts of Amber, Nahargarh, Jaigarh and Moti Doongri. The old city is a bustling place with colours depicting the typical lifestyle spread all over lending a romantic touch to the environs. The broad streets accommodate cars and motors alongside camel carts and rickshaws. On its street you can also see men in their colourful and stylish turbans, colorfully attired womenfolk with ghaghra and odhnis, a variety of arts and crafts repleting the shops. Beyond the city, the modern Jaipur continues to grow as new arcades, multiplexes, malls, gardens, hotels, industrial units, hospitals, flyovers are being laid out.

Jaipur is also a city of polo, played on horseback, also on camels and now on elephants. The heart of the city - the old walled city is in the north-east of Jaipur and the newly expanding area is mainly confined to the south and the west. Mirza Ismail Road, Sansar Chandra Road and Station Road adjoining the city are the main areas on which situated are most of the shopping centres, hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tourist offices and money.

Reaching to places of tourist interests in jaipur
Within the city, cycle rickshaws, auto-rickshaws and city buses are the most common means of transport. Taxis or cars from the local agents can also be hired for a half day or a full day excursion.

Facts About Jaipur, Rajasthan
Road Distances Delhi 260 KM,
Agra 230 KM,
Jodhpur 343 KM,
Udaipur 407 KM,
Jaisalmer 638 KM,
Ajmer 133 KM.
STD Code 0141
District Jaipur
Region East Rajasthan
Climate of Jaipur Average Summer max 45° C,
Winter min 8.3° C
Best time to visit Jaipur September to April.
Area 67.75 sq km
Altitude 431 m.
Jaipur Map

History of Jaipur City

Named after the founder, Maharaja Jai Singh, earlier it was known as Amber. The founder of the Kachhwahas of Amber has a history of an upbringing with the tribal folk-Meenas. In the tenth century, Dhola Rai, the legal heir to the throne was usurped by his uncle and ultimately forced to flee with his mother. The child was adopted by a Meena chieftain and later his grandson founded the Rajput state of Jaipur by conquering the hilly terrain of Amber from the Meena tribesmen. The state became notable and prospered because of its close ties with the Mughal Emperor Akbar (1556-1605).

Raja Man Singh (reign 1590-1614), was appointed the chief of the Mughal armies and he won splendid victories for the emperor Akbar. He amassed great wealth and power from his conquests and thus Jaipur was a powerful regime. It was Raja Man Singh who erected the remarkable Amber Fort complex in 17 century which was enlarged and embellished by his successors all through the 17th and the 18th centuries. He was succeeded by Raja Jai Singh.

The great warrior and astronomer, Raja Jai Singh inherited the throne at a tender age of 12 years when his father Maharaj Bishan Singh died. He was a scholar, architect, astronomer and mathematician, a talented researcher. Jai Singh gained a new tide of Sawai (meaning one and a quarter) from Aurangzeb's for his intelligence. However he incurred the displeasure of Aurangzeb successor Bahadur Shah Zafar in 1707 for supporting his younger brother's bid for power. However, he united the Rajputs to form a formidable front against the Mughal emperor to reconsolidate his rule. The Rajput state of Amber flourished and Sawai Jai Singh decided to move his capital to the open plains to accommodate the increasing population, merchants and traders. He visualised the new city to be the center of commerce, art and culture and religion. The foundation of new city which he named after himself, Jaipur, was laid in 1727.

Visualised by Sawai Jai Singh II, the city was planned by Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, a Bengali architect based on shilpa shastra (traditional Hindu treatise on building and architecture).

Following the death of Sawai Jai Singh in 1744, the family power struggles allowed neighboring kingdoms to encroach upon a large tract of the territory. Starting early 18 century the Jaipur state slowly allowed itself into the British fold. In 1876, Maharaja Ram Singh had the entire city painted in pink in honour of the visiting Prince of Wales (later king Edward VII). Jaipur is called the Pink City and since then this tradition has been maintained in the old city and by law also it is required to preserve the pink facade - a colour associated with hospitality.

Jaipur's last Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II took the reign from his father, Sawai Madho Singh II in 1922. The 1930's saw the beginning of a new era under Sawai Man Singh II - a celebrated polo player and husband to Gayatri Devi. During his reign, hospitals, a vast secretariat complex and other civil buildings and schools were constructed outside the original walls. Following independence in 1947, Jaipur became the capital of the state of Rajasthan in 1956.


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