Udaipur in India is also known as 'City of Lakes'. Read further for tourism and travel in Udaipur, Rajasthan.
Rajasthan Travel : Udaipur India
Udaipur Travel & Tourism - Amidst the Aravali Hills of South Rajasthan, Udaipur is the most romantic city in Rajasthan, better known as the City of Lakes. It presents an enchanting image of white marble palaces, breathtaking hilltop fortresses, green hills, placid blue lakes and the gripping legends of medieval chivalry and heroism. Udaipur is proud of its heritage as a centre for performing art, painting and craft.
Udaipur today is one of most picturesque cities in Rajasthan with its lakes, hills and beautiful palaces. High on the hill overlooking the lake stands the massive palace of the Maharana, possibly the largest in Rajasthan. Around the Pichola Lake on the east the houses and the temples of the old city stretch out. The old city houses along narrow and twisting streets are painted over with bright coloured murals of peacocks, elephants and horsemen.
The Udaipur region is also known the world over for its mineral wealth particularly its green marble, zinc mining and soap-stone. Around Udaipur are vestiges of its chivalrous past - Chittorgarh and the Kumbhalgarh, the temples of Eklingji, Nathdwara and Ranakpur and the cool retreat of the only hill station in Rajasthan, Mount Abu.
History of Udaipur
The founder Guhils later known as Sisodias came to power in 567 AD and in 734 AD, Bappa Rawal, the first of the great Sisodia kings, came to the throne and ruled the Mewar region from their stronghold Chittorgarh, the capital of Mewar. For almost 12 centuries despite numerous invasions and pressures they were the only Hindu rulers to refuse marrying their princesses to the Mughals. Even later in the 19th century, the rulers of Mewar managed to avoid almost all British cultural influences and refused the political advantages for the sake of their honour and values.
Maharana Udai Singh, driven from the citadel of Chittorgarh by the pursuing armies of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, on one of his hunting excursions met a hermit absorbed in meditation on a hill overlooking Lake Pichola. The hermit blessed the Maharana and advised him to build his capital on this very spot. Maharana followed the advise and thus a new city Udaipur was born in 1567.
Surrounded by forests, guarded by Aravali hills on all four sides and watered by Lake Pichola, the new capital of Mewar was surely less vulnerable site than Chittorgarh. It was at Udaipur that Maharana Udai Singh's son the famous Maharana Pratap was born and brought up. He relentlessly pursued the goal of winning back the Chittorgarh from the Mughals and bringing back the lost grandeur of Mewar. The greatest hero in Rajput history, Maharana Pratap valiantly defied the Mughal armies at the battle of Haldighati in 1576 and single-handedly for almost 25 years living in the wilderness fought a series of guerilla battles against the Mughals. Almost constantly at war, it was Rana Amar Singh who negotiated a treaty of peace with Emperor Jahangir. The time between 1597-1620 saw the revival of art, building of a series of splendid palaces along the lake front and the Mewar School of miniature paintings blossomed.
With the disintegration of the Mughal Empire, instability resurfaced and incursions of the Maratha armies followed. An end to the bloody battles came in 1818, when the Maharana of Udaipur accepted the paramountcy of the British.
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